Conceptualizing the Protective Factors of Cyberbullying Victimization in Korean Adolescents

Jong Serl Chun, Serim Lee, Jinyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This study conceptualized the protective factors for cyberbullying victimization as perceived by 43 Korean adolescents and explored gender differences in such conceptualizations using concept mapping method, a mixed-methods approach. Concept mapping revealed six major protective factors against cyberbullying victimization: ‘supportive relationships’ (M = 3.75, SD = 0.39), ‘school’s interest in cyberbullying’ (M = 3.58, SD = 0.11), ‘personal traits’ (M = 3.57, SD = 0.22), ‘reporting and monitoring system’ (M = 3.51, SD = 0.36), ‘education and help-seeking’ (M = 3.38, SD = 0.31), and ‘personal traits in online behavior’ (M = 3.30, SD = 0.60). Overall, the ‘supportive relationships’ cluster received the highest ratings from both male and female participants. Moreover, pattern matching by gender revealed lack of agreement (r = 0.54). In particular, male participants gave higher ratings to the ‘personal traits’ cluster, whereas female participants perceived ‘education and help-seeking’ to be a more important cluster than their counterparts. These results suggest that school-based intervention strategies can be used to improve supportive relationships, personal traits, netiquette, and awareness of online behaviors. At the institutional level, an automatic reporting and monitoring system and more school-linked cyberbullying laws could be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-486
Number of pages14
JournalSchool Mental Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC part of Springer Nature.


  • Adolescents
  • Concept mapping
  • Cyberbullying
  • Cyberbullying victimization
  • Protective factors
  • South Korea


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