We measured and analyzed daily mean concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOC) at Ulsan industrial and downtown sites from 3 to 8 June 1997. The industrial site is situated at the boundary of a petrochemical complex and the other is at downtown area in Ulsan. At each site, we collected ambient air samples in passivated stainless-steel containers by using constant flow samplers and analyzed them by a GC-FID. At Ulsan industrial site, the concentrations and their daily variations of total VOC were higher than those at the downtown site. The concentrations of oxygenated hydrocarbons were the highest among seven hydrocarbon groups at both sites. The fraction of C2-C5 light hydrocarbon concentrations to C2-C9 hydrocarbons at Ulsan industrial site was higher than that in other industrial areas. It suggests that fugitive emissions of light hydrocarbons in Ulsan industrial areas might be higher than those of other industrial areas. Under favorable wind conditions, the influence of industrial emissions of VOC on the downtown hydrocarbon levels was observed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Environment, Korea and Korea Institute of Science and Technology.
- City of Ulsan
- Emission sources
- Fugitive emissions
- Hazardous organics