Completing the canvas: advances and challenges for DNA-PAINT super-resolution imaging

Raman van Wee, Mike Filius, Chirlmin Joo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) is a potent tool to examine biological systems with unprecedented resolution, enabling the investigation of increasingly smaller structures. At the forefront of these developments is DNA-based point accumulation for imaging in nanoscale topography (DNA-PAINT), which exploits the stochastic and transient binding of fluorescently labeled DNA probes. In its early stages the implementation of DNA-PAINT was burdened by low-throughput, excessive acquisition time, and difficult integration with live-cell imaging. However, recent advances are addressing these challenges and expanding the range of applications of DNA-PAINT. We review the current state of the art of DNA-PAINT in light of these advances and contemplate what further developments remain indispensable to realize live-cell imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)918-930
Number of pages13
JournalTrends in Biochemical Sciences
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • acquisition speed
  • live-cell imaging
  • multiplexing
  • single-molecule localization microscopy
  • super-resolution microscopy


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