Comparison of four commercial kits for isolation of urinary cell-free DNA and sample storage conditions

Eun Young Lee, Eun Ju Lee, Hana Yoon, Dong Hyeon Lee, Kwang Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Urinary cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is an attractive body fluid for liquid biopsy. In this study, we compared the efficiencies of four commercial kits for urinary cell-free DNA (cfDNA) isolation and of various sample storage conditions. Urinary cfDNA was isolated from 10 healthy individuals using four commercial kits: QIAamp Circulating Nucleic Acid Kit (QC; Qiagen), MagMAX- Cell-Free DNA Isolation Kit (MM; Applied Biosystems), Urine Cell-Free Circulating DNA Purification Midi Kit (NU; Norgen Biotek), and Quick-DNA- Urine Kit (ZQ; Zymo Research). To assess the isolation efficiency, an Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer with High Sensitivity DNA chips was used, and cfDNA yield was defined as the amount of cfDNA obtained from 1 mL of urine. MM and QC provided the highest cfDNA yield in the 50-300 bp range, and MM and NU gave the highest cfDNA yield in the 50-100 bp range. In particular, the NU kit was efficient for isolation of more fragmented cfDNA in the range of 50-100 bp with the lowest cellular genomic DNA contamination. ZQ had the best cost-efficiency for isolating the same amount of urinary cfDNA. Samples stored at -70 °C with the addition of 10 mM EDTA resulted in the highest cfDNA yield 3 months after sample collection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number234
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2020

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© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Commercial kit
  • Liquid biopsy
  • Urinary cell DNA


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