The purpose of the current in silico planning study is to compare radiation doses of whole-breast irradiation (WBI) and whole-breast plus regional lymph node irradiation (WBI+RNI) administered to the regional lymph nodes (RLN) in pN1 breast cancer. Twenty-four participating institutions were asked to create plans of WBI and WBI+RNI for two dummy cases. To compare target coverage between the participants, an isodose line equal to 90% of the prescribed dose was converted to an isodose contour (contour90% iso). The relative nodal dose (RND) was obtained using the ratio of RLN dose to the target dose. The Fleiss’s kappa values which represent inter-observer agreement of contour90% iso were over 0.68. For RNI, 6 institutions included axillary lymph node (ALN), supraclavicular lymph node (SCN), and internal mammary lymph node (IMN), while 18 hospitals included only ALN and SCN. The median RND between the WBI and WBI+RNI were as follows: 0.64 vs. 1.05 (ALN level I), 0.27 vs. 1.08 (ALN level II), 0.02 vs. 1.12 (ALN level III), 0.01 vs. 1.12 (SCN), and 0.54 vs. 0.82 (IMN). In all nodal regions, the RND was significantly lower in WBI than in WBI+RNI (p < 0.01). In this study, we could identify the nodal dose difference between WBI and WBI+RNI.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This study was supported by a grant from the National R&D Program for Cancer Control, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HA17C0043).
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Breast cancer
- Lymph nodes
- Radiotherapy planning
- Randomized trial