Comparison of dietary behavior and consumption of processed beverage depend on food insecurity status of adolescents in Vientiane, Lao PDR *

Yena Lee, Ji Myung Kim, Kyungock Yi, Visanou Hansana, Yuri Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the food insecurity status and dietary behavior and examine the association between the food insecurity status and consumption of processed beverage for secondary school students in Vientiane, capital city of Lao PDR. Methods: The study subjects are 714 students (boys = 307 and girls = 407) in four secondary schools (Chao_Anouvong, Phiavat, Saysetha, and Chansavang) of Vientiane, Lao PDR. Data on study subject’s demographic characteristics, dietary behavior, food insecurity, and Mini Dietary Assessment (MDA) index were collected. A “Self-Administered Food Security Survey Module for Children Aged 12 Years and Older” developed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) was used for the food insecurity assessment. Results: As a result, 72.7% of the subjects were in a state of food insecurity, and food security was associated with higher socioeconomic status (higher life satisfaction, higher parent’s education attainment, higher item ownership, fewer number of siblings, and having more lunches at the school restaurant than at home). Compared to the food insecurity group, the frequency of breakfast, self-rated diet, and the total score of MDA index were higher in the food security group. On the other hand, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that ‘food security’ was also associated with a higher consumption of processed beverages (OR 1.544; 95% CI 1.078-2.213; p = 0.018). Conclusion: Improving the quality of the diet is essential for adolescents in both the food insecurity and food security groups in Lao PDR. Therefore, it is necessary to provide well organized nutrition education and establish adequate nutrition policy for adolescents in Lao PDR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-589
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nutrition and Health
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Received: October 8, 2018 / Revised: November 9, 2018 / Accepted: November 9, 2018 * This work was supported by the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) †To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-2-3277-4485, e-mail: yuri.kim@ewha.ac.kr

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society.

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Dietary behavior
  • Food insecurity
  • Lao PDR
  • Processed beverage

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