Comparison of bioavailability of two ubidecarenone products in healthy Korean volunteers

E. Y. Kang, J. W. Choi, H. S. Gwak, I. K. Chun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the bioavailability of two pharmaceutical products of ubidecarenone (coenzyme Q10, CoQ10). Materials: Two brands (brand A and brand B) of commercial CoQ10 hard capsules. Methods: Two brands of CoQ10 capsules were administered at 100 mg dose to two groups of healthy volunteers, respectively, and blood samples were withdrawn at predetermined time intervals and assayed by a validated HPLC method with an electrochemical detector. Results and conclusions: Intra- and inter-day precision and inter-day accuracy were acceptable for all quality control samples including the lower limit of quantitation of 50 ng/ml. Recovery of CoQ10 from human plasma was greater than 98.2%. CoQ10 was stable in human plasma under various storage conditions. This method was applied to a pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of CoQ10 hard capsules to healthy volunteers. The intrinsic CoQ10 concentrations were measured for three consecutive days before drug administration, which were ranged between 0.68 and 0.79 μg/ml, and there was no statistically significant difference between groups. In brand A, the plasma concentration after administration of CoQ10 was not higher than the intrinsic level, indicating that no significant drug absorption occurred, whereas considerably higher concentrations were obtained with brand B. The dissolution rates of brand A and B after 3 h were 0.35 ± 0.09 and 1.27 ± 0.16%, respectively. From the adjusted concentration-time curve, the AUC and t1/2 of brand B were calculated to be 11.51 ± 5.76 μg · h/ml and 21.7 h, respectively. A mean Cmax of 0.32 ± 0.1 μg/ml was obtained at 7.9 h. In conclusion, it was found that bioavailability of CoQ10 was significantly different depending on the formulations, and dissolution could be one of the important factors affecting CoQ10 absorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-214
Number of pages8
JournalInternational journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009


  • Assay validation
  • Bioavailability
  • Coenzyme Q0 hard capsules
  • Dissolution profiles
  • Pharmacokinetic parameters


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