Comparative study of cholinergic cells in retinas of various mouse strains

Tae Hoon Kang, Young Han Ryu, In Beom Kim, Taeg Oh Goo, Myung Hoon Chun

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25 Scopus citations


We examined cholinergic cells in the retinas of BALB/C albino, C57BL/6J black, and 129/SvJ light chinchilla mice by using immunocytochemistry with specific antisera against choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). Two types of ChAT-immunoreactive amacrine cell bodies were found in the inner nuclear layer (INL) and ganglion cell layer in the retinas of all three mouse strains. They were distributed with mirror-image symmetry and their processes ramified in strata 2 and 4 of the inner plexiform layer. A distinct type of ChAT-immunoreactive cell was found only in C57BL/6J mouse retina. The somata of this third type of ChAT-immunoreactive cell were located in the outermost part of the INL, with their processes extending toward the outer plexiform layer. Double-labeling experiments demonstrated that these were not horizontal cells and that they were GABA-immunoreactive. The results suggested that these cells were probably "misplaced" cholinergic amacrine cells showing GABA immunoreactivity. This feature of the C57BL/6J mouse retina should be taken into account in studies of mutant mice having a mixed genetic background with a C57BL/6J contribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-115
Number of pages7
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Neurobiology Support Grant (M1-0108-00-0059) of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Korea


  • Amacrine cell
  • Choline acetyltransferase
  • Horizontal cell
  • Mouse (BALB/C albino, C57BL/6J black, and 129/SvJ light chinchilla)
  • Retina


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