The limonoid compound (28-deacetyl sendanin) isolated from the fruit of Melia toosendan SIEB. et ZUCC. was evaluated on anticancer activity. According to a standard in vitro cytotoxicity assay, eight human cancer cell lines and SRB assay were introduced for present evaluation. As a positive standard, adriamycin was tested in parallel The cell lines were originated from six different organs. In view of dose-response profiles to 28-deacetyl sendanin, the most sensitive cells were SF-539 and PC-3 which were derived from CNS and prostate, respectively. In contrast, all the cell lines responded similarly to adriamycin to give rise to nearly identical dose-response profiles. By comparison of Gl50 between 28-deacetyl sendanin and adriamycin, six cell lines were more sensitive to 28-deacetyl sendanin and two were more resistant. As a result 28-deacetyl sendanin had more sensitive and selective inhibitory effects on in vitro growth of human cancer cell lines in a comparison with adriamycin.
- 28-deacetyl sendanin
- Melia toosendan SIEB. et ZUCC.
- SRB assay
- human cancer cells