Comparative energetic studies on liquid organic hydrogen carrier: A net energy analysis

Sanghun Lee, Taehong Kim, Gwangwoo Han, Sungmin Kang, Young Sung Yoo, Sang Yun Jeon, Joongmyeon Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Energy storage have attracted attention to compensate for the mismatches of electricity supply and demand caused by renewable energies. A regenerative hydrogen fuel cell (RHFC) system composed of an electrolyzer, hydrogen storage, and fuel cell is a promising large capacity energy storage technology. A liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) is considered for hydrogen storage technology because of its advantages of good safety, easy handling, and high storage density. In this original research, a comparative energetic study on LOHC and other hydrogen storage technologies was conducted using net energy analysis to quantitatively compare various hydrogen storage technologies. First, the basic RHFC system was modeled by a 0-dimensional simulation, and the system efficiency was analyzed. Then, a net energy analysis was conducted by evaluating energy stored on investment (ESOIe) values. The RHFC system with LOHC showed a higher ESOIe of 53 for weekly (<100 h) and 18 for monthly (<1000 h) energy storage than other energy storage technologies due to the low embodied energy cost of LOHC materials. Based on the analysis, the RHFC system with LOHC was concluded to be an attractive option for weekly and monthly energy storage of the both wind and solar power.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111447
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Energy storage
  • Hydrogen
  • Liquid organic hydrogen carrier
  • Net energy analysis


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