Cognitive and Emotional Assessment toward Suicidal People: Korean Suicide Stigma Scale for General Public

Soontae An, Hannah Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study conducted two online surveys to rectify unclear factors of the existing scale and to modify suicide stigma scale with enhanced emotional aspects. The purpose of the first survey was to examine emotional responses toward suicide attempters and to revise items from existing scales. The purpose of the second survey was to verify the validity and reliability of the Korean Suicide Stigma Scale (KSSS). Methods: The subject of this study is General Public. In the first online survey, 57 participants responded open-ended question regarding emotional aspect of attitudes toward suicidal person. 552 participants for the second survey responded to quantitative items for measuring suicide stigma. Descriptive and frequency analysis were used to examine the participant's demographic characteristics. Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were used to assess construct and convergent validity. Results: The results yielded 7-factors with 28 items: Incompetence, Immorality, Selfishness, Sympathy, Social Exclusion, Dishonor, and Disgust. The Glorification factor, which was included in the previous scale, was deleted. 'Dishonor' and 'Disgust' factors were newly added. Conclusion: The KSSS is similar to the scales developed in the Western countries, however it also reflects Korea's unique Confucian cultural values. The KSSS can be used to systematically measure suicide stigma, and will help us develop effective suicide prevention strategies to reduce stigma in Korean society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-129
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
*This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2020R1F1A1062794).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing. All rights reserved.


  • Measures
  • Psychometrics
  • Scale
  • Social stigma
  • Suicide


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