We report a fetus with an unusual combination of a narrow ductus arteriosus (DA) and foramen ovale. A pregnant mother was referred at 26 weeks of gestation for fetal pericardial effusion. Fetal echocardiography showed pericardial effusion, right atrial enlargement, right ventricular hypertrophy, and tricuspid regurgitation. The DA looked tortuous with S-shaped kinking. The atrial septum primum bulged into the left atrium. Color Doppler did not show any flow across the atrial septum. Cesarean section was performed at 31 weeks of gestation. Admission to intensive care was required after delivery, but the infant gradually improved and was discharged home without any sequela.
- Fetal congestive heart failure
- Fetal pericardial effusion
- Premature closure of ductus arteriosus
- Premature closure of foramen ovale