In this paper, we consider a peer-to-peer (P2P) network, where multimedia streams are broadcast by matched peers based on their resource reciprocation profiles. We propose a new framework where each peer creates a coalition of matched peers with which it can exchange resources in order to improve its utility. The utility is determined based on explicit consideration of the peer's multimedia attributes and the quality derived by the peers' reciprocation behavior. We adopt the proportional bargaining solution to negotiate the upload bandwidth among the matched peers. Proportional bargaining allows to determine each peer's optimal (in a Pareto optimal sense) upload rates in a coalition in terms of its utility impact. The impact of an incoming peer on the coalition value, which represents the collective utility achieved by the peers in a coalition, is assessed by explicitly investigating the coalition value improvement. Finally, our results show that the proposed coalition-based resource reciprocation can improve the resource allocation/scheduling algorithms deployed in existing P2P systems such as BitTorrent and CoolStreaming. We also discuss how the proposed resource reciprocation approach can be implemented in other multimedia broadcasting applications.
- Multimedia peer-to-peer (P2P) broadcast
- P2P network
- Peer matching
- Proportional bargaining solution
- Service level