Clinicopathologic significance of mismatch repair protein expression in endometrioid endometrial cancer

Mi Kyung Kim, Kyeong A. So, Yi Kyeong Chun, Yun Hwan Kim, Kyung Taek Lim, Ki Heon Lee, Tae Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the association between mismatch repair (MMR) protein expression and clinico-pathologic outcomes in patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EC). Materials and methods: A retrospective review of the clinico-pathologic outcomes was performed on patients who were diagnosed with EC and had results of MMR protein immunohistochemistry. MMR-deficient (MMR-d) was defined as absence of expression in any of the 4 MMR proteins (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2). Demographics, pathologic variables, and survival outcomes were compared according to the MMR status. Results: A total of 193 EC patients with available MMR expression data were included, of whom 163 patients had endometrioid type EC. Overall, 44 patients (27.0%) were classified as MMR-d. Compared with MMR-proficient (MMR-p) group, MMR-d group was associated with more frequent lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI, p = 0.001). MMR-d was also related with higher risk of lymph node (LN) metastasis in endometrioid type EC (p = 0.008), especially para-aortic LN metastasis. During the median follow-up period of 19.1 months (1–44.5), MMR-d group, especially MLH1/PMS2 subgroup, showed a tendency of reduced PFS (p = 0.036 and p = 0.008, respectively). On Cox regression analysis, however, LN metastasis remained as the only independent risk factor for PFS (p = 0.004) in endometrioid EC, and MLH1/PMS2 loss showed a marginally significant association (p = 0.054). Conclusion: Our findings of the associations between MMR deficiency and poor prognostic factors, such as LVSI and LN metastasis, may suggest the prognostic value of MMR status in EC and need further prospective validation studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-728
Number of pages5
JournalTaiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

Keywords

  • Endometrial cancer
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lymph node metastasis
  • Mismatch repair deficiency
  • Prognosis

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