Clinical outcomes and risk factors of thromboprophylaxis with rivaroxaban versus aspirin in patients undergoing hip arthroplasty in low-incidence population: A nationwide study in Korea

Hong Ah Kim, Ju Yeun Lee, So Hyun Park, Ji Eun Kang, Kyung Suk Choi, Sandy Jeong Rhie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban in thromboprophylaxis compared with those of aspirin in real-world patients who underwent hip arthroplasty using nationwide claims data. Methods: Patients aged more than or equal to 18 years with at least one hip arthroplasty including total and partial hip replacements and hip replacement revisions during July 2009 to June 2013 were identified from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment (HIRA) database. The study outcome was incidence rate of thromboembolic events and anticoagulation-related major bleeding within 90 days of hip arthroplasty. Results: The incidence of overall venous thromboembolism (VTE) within 90-day postsurgery was significantly higher in the aspirin cohort than it was in the rivaroxaban cohorts. Bleeding events associated with pharmacological thromboprophylaxis in patients who received rivaroxaban were not significantly different from that in aspirin-treated patients. In aspirin cohorts, 65.7% of patients received less than 3-week treatment while about half received a less than 14-day treatment, and 31.7% received more than 3-week treatment in the rivaroxaban cohort. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that rivaroxaban was more effective in preventing VTE following hip arthroplasty without raising bleeding risks in clinical settings. Age more than or equal to 80 years, women, and a history of thromboembolism were the risk factors of VTE incidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-514
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • aspirin
  • hip arthroplasty
  • national-wide claim data
  • pharmacoepidemiology
  • rivaroxaban
  • thromboprophylaxis
  • venous thromboembolism

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