Clinical outcomes and risk factors of post-polypectomy coagulation syndrome: A multicenter, retrospective, case-control study

J. M. Cha, K. S. Lim, S. H. Lee, Y. E. Joo, S. P. Hong, T. I. Kim, H. G. Kim, D. I. Park, S. E. Kim, D. H. Yang, J. E. Shin

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73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and study aims: Post-polypectomy coagulation syndrome (PPCS) is a well known complication of colonoscopic polypectomy. However, no previous studies have reported on the clinical outcomes or risk factors of PPCS. The aim of the current study was to analyze the clinical outcomes and risk factors of PPCS developing after a colonoscopic polypectomy. Patients and methods: Data for all patients who underwent colonoscopic polypectomies and required hospitalization in nine university hospitals were analyzed retrospectively. The incidence, clinicopathological characteristics, and clinical outcomes of PPCS cases were examined. Additionally, patients who developed PPCS were compared with controls who were matched by age and sex, in order to assess for possible risk factors. Results: The rate of PPCS that required hospitalization after colonoscopic polypectomy was 0.7/1000. All patients with PPCS were treated medically without the need for surgical interventions. The median durations of therapeutic fasting, hospitalization, and antibiotic use were 3 days, 5.5 days, and 7 days, respectively. The rates of major PPCS and mortality were 2.9 % and 0 %, respectively. On multivariate analysis, hypertension (OR = 3.023, 95 %CI 1.034 - 8.832), large lesion size (OR = 2.855, 95 %CI 1.027 - 7.937), and non-polypoid configuration (OR = 3.332, 95 %CI 1.029 - 10.791) were found to be independent risk factors related to the development of PPCS. Conclusions: In this study, the rates of major PPCS and mortality were only 2.9 % and 0 %, respectively. Hypertension, large lesion size, and non-polypoid configuration of the lesion were independently associated with PPCS. Therefore, patients may be reassured by the excellent prognosis of PPCS, while endoscopists should be especially careful when performing colonoscopic polypectomies in patients with hypertension or large and non-polypoid lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-207
Number of pages6
JournalEndoscopy
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

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