Background: We investigated the real-life effectiveness and safety of vedolizumab (VDZ) induction therapy among Korean patients with Crohn disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) for whom anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy previously failed. Methods: Adult patients who started VDZ induction therapy at 16 centers were prospectively enrolled in the Korean VDZ nationwide registry. The coprimary outcomes were clinical remission, defined as a Crohn's Disease Activity Index score <150 points and a partial Mayo score ≤2 points with a combined rectal bleeding and stool frequency subscore ≤1 point at week 14 and endoscopic remission defined as a Mayo endoscopic subscore ≤1 point. We also analyzed predictors of clinical remission. Results: Between August 2017 and November 2019, a total of 158 patients (80 with CD and 78 with UC) received VDZ induction therapy. Clinical remission rates among patients with CD and patients with UC were 44.1% and 44.0%, respectively. Among patients with UC, the endoscopic remission rate was 32.4%. Clinical response and remission rates showed increasing trends during induction therapy. Multivariable analysis revealed that clinical response at week 6 was the only predictor of clinical remission at week 14 for both patients with CD and patients with UC. Among patients who experienced 1 or more adverse events (n = 71; 44.9%), disease exacerbation (n = 28; 17.7%) was the most common adverse event. Conclusions: Among Korean patients with CD or UC for whom anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy failed, VDZ induction therapy was effective and safe. The early clinical response was associated with clinical remission after VDZ induction therapy.
- Crohn disease
- Ulcerative colitis