Clinical Impact of SPECT/CT in Evaluation of Abdominothoracic Fistula

Seo Young Kang, Byung Seok Moon, Min Young Yoo, Hai Jeon Yoon, Bom Sahn Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abdominothoracic fistula is rarely observed but can be life-threatening. Pleuroperitoneal communication, known to occur in 1.6% of all patients who undergo continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, is an uncommon but well-recognized complication. The most common symptoms are dyspnea and right-sided pleural effusion. A biliopleural fistula is well-described as a complication of radiofrequency ablation and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization of hepatic lesions. It is important to diagnose the cause of pleural effusion early for proper treatment because if the abdominothoracic fistula effusion amount is not large, appropriate diagnosis may be difficult. Here, we introduce 2 cases showing the usefulness of SPECT/CT in evaluating pleuroperitoneal and biliopleural fistulas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E160-E162
JournalClinical Nuclear Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: The authors have no conflicts of interest to report. This research was supported by grants from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF-2021R1F1A1060946, 2021R1I1A1A01049147, and 2021R1A2C1093636).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


  • abdominothoracic fistula
  • biliopleural fistula
  • pleuroperitoneal fistula


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