Background/Aims: The prospective Crohn's Disease Clinical Network and Cohort Study is a nationwide multicenter cohort study of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) in Korea, aiming to prospectively investigate the clinical features and long-term prognosis associated with CD. Methods: Patients diagnosed with CD between January 2009 and September 2019 were prospectively enrolled. They were divided into two cohorts according to the year of diagnosis: cohort 1 (diagnosed between 2009 and 2011) versus cohort 2 (between 2012 and 2019). Results: A total of 1,175 patients were included, and the median follow-up duration was 68 months (interquartile range, 39.0 to 91.0 months). The treatment-free durations for thiopurines (p<0.001) and anti-tumor necrosis factor agents (p=0.018) of cohort 2 were shorter than those of cohort 1. Among 887 patients with B1 behavior at diagnosis, 149 patients (16.8%) progressed to either B2 or B3 behavior during follow-up. Early use of thiopurine was associated with a reduced risk of behavioral progression (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50 to 0.90), and family history of inflammatory bowel disease was associated with an increased risk of behavioral progression (aHR, 2.29; 95% CI, 1.16 to 4.50). One hundred forty-one patients (12.0%) underwent intestinal resection, and the intestinal resection-free survival time was significantly longer in cohort 2 than in cohort 1 (p=0.003). The early use of thiopurines (aHR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.23 to 0.51) was independently associated with a reduced risk of intestinal resection. Conclusions: The prognosis of CD in Korea appears to have improved over time, as evidenced by the decreasing intestinal resection rate. Early use of thiopurines was associated with an improved prognosis represented by a reduced risk of intestinal resection.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by an MSD grant of the Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases for 2010 and a Research Program funded by the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (2019-ER6905-02).
B.D.Y. has received a research grant from Celltrion and Pfizer Korea; consulting fees from Abbvie Korea, Celltrion, Chong Kun Dang Pharm., Daewoong Pharma., Ferring Korea, Janssen Korea, Kangstem Biotech, Medtronic Korea, NanoEntek, Pfizer Korea, Shire Korea, Takeda Korea, IQVIA, Cornerstones Health, and Takeda; speaking fees from Abbvie Korea, Celltrion, Ferring Korea, Janssen Korea, Pfizer Korea, Shire Korea, Takeda Korea, and IQVIA. However, all of these are not related to this study. J.H.C., Y.S.K., J.P.I., and J.W.K. are editorial board members of the journal but were not involved in the peer reviewer selection, evaluation, or decision process of this article. No other potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.
© 2022 Editorial Office of Gut and Liver. All rights reserved.
- Cohort studies
- Crohn disease
- Multicenter study