We aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of shear wave dispersion slope for assessing nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in patients with morbid obesity before bariatric surgery. This prospective study collected data from 25 participants who received liver biopsy during bariatric surgery between February 2019 and December 2020. All participants underwent ultrasonography shear wave elastography before surgery and shear wave speed and shear wave dispersion slope were measured. Liver specimens were evaluated by 1 pathologist scored histologically for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Ultrasonography measurements were compared according to histopathologic findings. Diagnostic performance in differentiating NASH from NAFLD was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Median shear wave speed (1.48 vs 1.62 m/s, P = 0.014) and dispersion slope (8.40 vs 11.80 [m/s]/kHz, P = 0.004) were higher in NASH group than in NAFLD group. Shear wave dispersion slope tended to increase step by step as the severity of activity grade (P = 0.032) and hepatic fibrosis (P = 0.015) increased. The AUC of shear wave dispersion slope for differentiating NASH from NAFLD (AUC, 0.83; 95% confidence intervals, 0.66-1.00) was higher than that of shear wave speed (AUC, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.60-0.97), although it did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.729). Shear wave dispersion slope could be a feasible tool for assessing NASH in patients with morbid obesity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Jiyoung Hwang has received funding by Canon medical systems and the Soonchunhyang University Research Fund. For the remaining authors none were declared.
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- elasticity imaging techniques
- morbid obesity
- nonalcoholic fatty liver disease