The rate of sudden cardiac death (SCD) for hemodialysis (HD) patients is significantly higher than that observed in the general population and have the highest risk for arrhythmogenic death. In this multi‐center study, patients starting hemodialysis in each hospital were enrolled; they underwent regular check‐ups in an open‐patient clinic. We examined serial electrocardiography (ECG) data in patients undergoing HD and determined their associations with the occurrence of SCD. Of 678 enrolled subjects who underwent serial ECG before and after hemodialysis, 291 died and 39 developed SCD. In all subjects, the QT peak‐to‐end (QTpe) interval at all leads and QRS duration were shortened after hemodialysis. The SCD group showed a significant change in the QTpe interval of the inferior, anterior, and lateral leads before and after hemodialysis compared with the survivor group (p < 0.001). In the pre‐hemodialysis ECG, SCD patients had significantly longer QTpe intervals in all leads (p < 0.001) and a longer QRS duration (92.6 ± 14.0 vs. 100.6 ± 14.9 ms, p = 0.015) than survivors. In conclusion, patients with a longer QTpe interval before hemodialysis and large changes in ECG parameters after hemodialysis might be at a higher risk of SCD. Therefore, changes in the ECG before and after hemodialysis could help to predict SCD.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|State||Published - 1 May 2021|
- Critical care
- Kidney failure