Clinical and economic burden of bacteremia due to multidrug-resistant organisms in Korea: a prospective case control study

Korea INfectious Diseases (KIND) Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objectives: The socioeconomic and clinical burden of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO), including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MRAB), multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MRPA), and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) have not yet been adequately addressed. Methods: We prospectively searched for MDRO bacteremia cases with matched controls from 10 hospitals across Korea during a 6-month period in 2017. Patients were classified into the MDRO, susceptible organism, and no-infection groups. The corresponding susceptible or no-infection controls had been selected according to predefined criteria. We collected clinical information and estimated the total additional medical cost due to MDRO infections using the multistate model. Results: During the 6-month period, a total of 486 MDRO bacteremia cases (260, 87, 18, 20, and 101 cases of MRSA, MRAB, MRPA, CRE, and VRE, respectively) were identified. The 90-d mortality rates were 30.4%, 63.2%, 16.7%, 55.0%, and 47.5%, respectively. The additional costs caused by bacteremia were $15 768, $35 682, $39 908, $72 051, and $33 662 per MDRO type, respectively. Based on these 6-month data, the estimated annual number of bacteremia cases due to these five MDRO in Korea were 7979 (4070, 1396, 218, 461, and 1834 cases, respectively). Overall, this caused an estimated 3280 (1237, 882, 36, 254, and 871, respectively) deaths and cost $294 505 002 ($84 707 359, $74 387 364, $10 344 370, $45 850 215, and $79 215 694, respectively) (range $170,627,020–$416,094,679) in socioeconomic loss. Conclusions: A tremendous clinical and economic burden is caused by MDRO bacteremia compared with antibiotic-susceptible and no-infection groups. Substantial investment and efforts by related government agencies and medical staffs are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-385
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s)


  • Bacteremia
  • CRE
  • Economic burden
  • MRAB
  • MRPA
  • MRSA
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • VRE
  • VRSA


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