Chronological characteristics for snow accumulation on Styx Glacier in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica

Yalalt Nyamgerel, Yeongcheol Han, Songyi Kim, Sang Bum Hong, Jeonghoon Lee, Soon Do Hur

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Under the potential to reconstruct the past climatic and atmospheric conditions from a deep ice core in the coastal Antarctic site (Styx Glacier), an 8.84 m long firn core (73°50.975′ S, 163°41.640′ E; 1623 m a.s.l.) was initially studied to propose a reliable age scale for the local estimation of snow accumulation rate. The seasonal variations of δ18O, methanesulfonic acid (MSA) and non-sea-salt sulfate (nssSO42-) were used for the firn core dating and revealed 25 annual peaks (from 1990 to 2014) with volcanic sulfate signal. The observed declining trend in annual accumulation rate with a mean value of 146 ± 60 kg m-2 a-1 is likely to be linked to the changes of sea-ice extent in the Ross Sea region. Moreover, the temporal variation of the annual mean δ18O, an annual flux of MSA and nssSO42- also likely to be under the influence of ice-covered and open water area. This study suggests a potential to recover past changes in an oceanic environment and will be useful for the interpretation of the long ice core drilled at the same site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916-926
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Glaciology
Issue number260
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Annual layer counting
  • Styx Glacier
  • ionic species
  • snow accumulation
  • stable water isotopes


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