Characterizing emulsions by observation of single droplet collisions - Attoliter electrochemical reactors

Byung Kwon Kim, Aliaksei Boika, Jiyeon Kim, Jeffrey E. Dick, Allen J. Bard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report an electrochemical study of the collisions of single droplets in an emulsion by two methods. In the first method, an electroactive redox species, for example, ferrocene, inside a toluene-in-water emulsion droplet (but not in the continuous phase) is measured by chronoamperometry during a collision with an ultramicroelectrode (UME). Here, a blip or spike type of collision signal is observed, representing electrolysis of the droplet contents. In the second method, electrochemical oxidation of an electroactive redox species in the continuous aqueous phase is hindered by a droplet blocking collision. In this case, a staircase current decrease is observed. From an analysis of single soft particle collision data, one can find the emulsion droplet size distribution and the droplet contents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4849-4852
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume136
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2014

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