Characterization of the vertical position of the trapped charge in charge-trap flash memory

Seunghyun Kim, Dae Woong Kwon, Sang Ho Lee, Sang Ku Park, Youngmin Kim, Hyungmin Kim, Young Goan Kim, Seongjae Cho, Byung Gook Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this paper, the characterization of the vertical position of trapped charges in the charge-trap flash (CTF) memory is performed in the novel CTF memory cell with gate-all-around structure using technology computer-aided design (TCAD) simulation. In the CTF memories, injected charges are not stored in the conductive poly-crystalline silicon layer in the trapping layer such as silicon nitride. Thus, a reliable technique for exactly locating the trapped charges is required for making up an accurate macro-models for CTF memory cells. When a programming operation is performed initially, the injected charges are trapped near the interface between tunneling oxide and trapping nitride layers. However, as the program voltage gets higher and a larger threshold voltage shift is resulted, additional charges are trapped near the blocking oxide interface. Intrinsic properties of nitride including trap density and effective capture cross-sectional area substantially affect the position of charge centroid. By exactly locating the charge centroid from the charge distribution in programmed cells under various operation conditions, the relation between charge centroid and program operation condition is closely investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-173
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Brain Korea 21 Plus Project in 2015 and Samsung Electronics Corp. This work was also supported by Business for Cooperative R&D between Industry, Academy, and Research Institute funded by Korean Small and Medium Business Administration in 2015 (No. C0300518).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea. All rights reserved.


  • Charge centroid
  • Charge distribution
  • Charge-trap flash memory
  • Macro modeling
  • Silicon nitride
  • TCAD


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