Characterization of the bacterial community associated with methane and odor in a pilot-scale landfill biocover under moderately thermophilic conditions

Hyoju Yang, Hyekyeng Jung, Kyungcheol Oh, Jun Min Jeon, Kyung Suk Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A pilot-scale biocover was constructed at a sanitary landfill and the mitigation of methane and odor compounds was compared between the summer and non-summer seasons. The average inlet methane concentrations were 22.0%, 16.3%, and 31.3%, and the outlet concentrations were 0.1%, 0.1%, and 0.2% during winter, spring, and summer, respectively. The odor removal efficiency was 98.0% during summer, compared to 96.6% and 99.6% during winter and spring, respectively. No deterioration in methane and odor removal performance was observed even when the internal temperature of the biocover increased to more than 40°C at midday during summer. During summer, the packing material simultaneously degraded methane and dimethyl sulfide (DMS) under both moderately thermophilic (40–50°C) and mesophilic conditions (30°C). Hyphomicrobium and Brevibacillus, which can degrade methane and DMS at 40°C and 50°C, were isolated. The diversity of the bacterial community in the biocover during summer did not decrease significantly compared to other seasons. The thermophilic environment of the biocover during summer promoted the growth of thermotolerant and thermophilic bacterial populations. In particular, the major methane-oxidizing species were Methylocaldum spp. during summer and Methylobacter spp. during the non-summer seasons. The performance of the biocover remained stable under moderately thermophilic conditions due to the replacement of the main species and the maintenance of bacterial diversity. The information obtained in this study could be used to design biological processes for methane and odor removal during summer and/or in subtropical countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-814
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Bacterial community
  • Biological system
  • Methane
  • Odor
  • Thermophile
  • Thermotolerance

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