## Abstract

A p-ary function f in n variables is an l-form if f (tu) = t l f (u) for any nonzero t in Zp and u in Zn p. Let n be a positive even integer, p an odd prime, and l an element of {1, 2, . . . , p-1} provided that l ≠= p-1 if p > 3. Let f be a p-ary bent function in n variables of l -form with f (0) = 0 and gcd(l- 1, p- 1) = 1, and let Hl = {t l : T ϵ Z p}. We denote by G f,l the Cayley graph Cay(Zn p, ∪ϵs-Hl f-1(s)). Our main results are as follows: 1) if there is weakly regular p-ary bent f which is not regular, then l is 2; 2) if l = 2, then f is weakly regular p-ary bent if and only if the Cayley graph G f,l is strongly regular; 3) if l ≠= 2, then f is regular p-ary bent if and only if the Cayley graph G f,l is strongly regular; 4) G f,l can be replaced by Cay(Zn p, f-1(0)\{0}) in 2) and 3); and 5) amorphic association schemes are derived by using 2) and 3). We prove our main results by computing at most four distinct restricted eigenvalues of G f,l .

Original language | English |
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Article number | 8371636 |

Pages (from-to) | 676-684 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | IEEE Transactions on Information Theory |

Volume | 65 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 2019 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 1963-2012 IEEE.

## Keywords

- (amorphic) association scheme
- p-ary bent function
- strongly regular graph