A new nitrous oxide (N2O)-reducing bacterium was isolated from a consortium that was enriched using advanced wastewater treatment sludge as an inoculum and N2O as the sole nitrogen source. The isolated facultative anaerobe was identified as Azospira sp. HJ23. Azospira sp. HJ23 exhibited optimum N2O-reducing activity with a C/N ratio of 62 at pH 6 in the temperature range of 37 °C to 40 °C. The optimum carbon source for N2O reduction was a mixture of glucose and acetate. The maximum rate of N2O reduction by Azospira sp. HJ23 was 4.8 mmol·g-dry cell−1·h−1, and its N2O-reducing activity was higher than other known N2O reducers. Azospira sp. HJ23 possessed several functional genes for denitrification. These included narG (NO3- reductase), nirK (NO2- reductase), norB (NO reductase), and nosZ (N2O reductase) genes. These results suggest that Azospira sp. HJ23 can be applied in the denitrification process to minimalize N2O emission.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering|
|State||Published - 2020|
- functional denitrifying genes
- greenhouse gas
- Nitrous oxide