Characterization of magnetoresistance hysteresis of Permalloy thin-film using near-field microwave microscope

Harutyun Melikyan, Arsen Babajanyan, Neun Jong Lee, Tae Hee Kim, Hanju Lee, Kiejin Lee, Barry Friedman

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1 Scopus citations


A near-field scanning microwave microprobe (NSMM) technique has been used to investigate the magnetic properties of the Permalloy (Ni81Fe 19) thin film. To characterize the hysteresis behavior of the magnetoresistance (MR) of Permalloy (Py) thin films, the microwave reflection coefficient, S11 was measured. The change of the estimated MR was observed under in-plane external magnetic fields, and was confirmed with variation of MR measured by the 4-probe method. The magnetic properties of the Py thin film were examined by a vibrating sample magnetometer. The observed MR was correlated with the changes of the relative magnetic permeability, Δμ of the Py. We also directly imaged the Py thin film changes by NSMM. MR of Py was determined from the visualized microwave reflection coefficient changes ΔS11 at the thin film interface with high sensitivity. The present methodology can be extended to investigations of other magnetic thin films or magnetic materials using the NSMM system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-403
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1
StatePublished - 29 Oct 2010


  • 4-probe method
  • Magnetoresistance
  • Near-Field Microwave Microscope
  • Permalloy
  • Permeability


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