Characterization of 15 microsatellite loci and genetic analysis of Heterodera schachtii (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) in South Korea

Jiyeon Kim, Taeho Kim, Yu Cheol Lee, Jae Yong Chun, Elizabeth M.A. Kern, Jongwoo Jung, Joong Ki Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Heterodera schachtii, the sugar beet cyst nematode, is a major pest of agricultural crops worldwide. We report the development of fifteen polymorphic microsatellite markers and assess the genetic diversity and structure of three populations following a recent invasion of a previously unaffected region. Populations had low levels of heterozygosity, likely indicative of population structure, history, and inbreeding. Genetic diversity analysis suggested that the current infestation in South Korea may have come either from a single source population of mixed ancestry, or from multiple sources, indicating that implementing adequate prevention measures is still an unmet challenge. Much more work is needed on this species to identify global patterns of spread, and the microsatellite loci we develop here should be useful in many regions for modeling range expansion, studying the evolution of resistance, and increasing the effectiveness of pest management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Systematics and Ecology
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a research grant from the Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency (No. Z-1541785-2013-15-03 ); the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ( NRF-2013R1A1A2005898 ); and grants from the Marine Biotechnology Program [Genome Analysis of Marine Organisms and Development of Functional Applications (PJT200620) and Marine Mollusk Resource Bank of Korea (20100053)] funded by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries of the Republic of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Genetic diversity
  • Heterodera schachtii
  • Microsatellite markers
  • Simple sequence repeat (SSR)
  • South Korea
  • Sugar beet cyst nematode


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