Characteristics of elderly-onset (≥65 years) headache diagnosed using the international classification of headache disorders, third edition beta version

Tae Jin Song, Yong Jae Kim, Byung Kun Kim, Byung Su Kim, Jae Moon Kim, Soo Kyoung Kim, Heui Soo Moon, Myoung Jin Cha, Kwang Yeol Park, Jong Hee Sohn, Min Kyung Chu, Soo Jin Cho

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15 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose New-onset headache in elderly patients is generally suggestive of a high probability of secondary headache, and the subtypes of primary headache diagnoses are still unclear in the elderly. This study investigated the characteristics of headache with an older age at onset (≥65 years) and compared the characteristics between younger and older age groups. Methods We prospectively collected demographic and clinical data of 1,627 patients who first visited 11 tertiary hospitals in Korea due to headache between August 2014 and February 2015. Headache subtype was categorized according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, Third Edition Beta Version. Results In total, 152 patients (9.3%, 106 women and 46 men) experienced headache that began from 65 years of age [elderly-onset group (EOG)], while the remaining 1,475 patients who first experienced headache before the age of 65 years were classified as the younger-age-at-onset group (YOG). Among the primary headache types, tension-type headache (55.6% vs. 28.8%) and other primary headache disorders (OPH, 31.0% vs. 17.3%) were more common in the EOG than in the YOG, while migraine was less frequent (13.5% vs. 52.2%) (p=0.001) in the EOG. Among OPH, primary stabbing headache (87.2%) was more frequent in the EOG than in the YOG (p=0.032). The pain was significantly less severe (p=0.026) and the frequency of medication overuse headache was higher in EOG than in YOG (23.5% vs. 7.6%, p=0.040). Conclusions Tension-type headache and OPH headaches, primarily stabbing headache, were more common in EOG patients than in YOG patients. The pain intensity, distribution of headache diagnoses, and frequency of medication overuse differed according to the age at headache onset.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-425
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurology (Korea)
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Korean Neurological Association.


  • International classification of headache disorders
  • Medication-overuse headache
  • Old age
  • Other primary headache disorders
  • Tension-type headache
  • Third edition beta version


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