BACKGROUND: The present study examined the changes in microbiological composition during the production process of crab marinated in soy sauce, potential microbial hazards, potential contamination routes and effective critical control points. Crab and soy sauce samples were obtained from six different manufacturing plants at different stages, and their microbiological content was comprehensively assessed by quantitative and qualitative analyses. RESULTS: The results revealed the following: (1) the final products contained 4.0 log colony-forming units (CFU) g−1 aerobic plate counts (APCs) and 1.1 log CFU g−1 coliforms, which may have been introduced from the raw materials (the level of APCs in raw crab and soy sauce mixed with other ingredients was 3.8 log CFU g−1 and 4.0 log CFU mL−1 respectively); (2) marination of crab in soy sauce may allow cross-contamination by coliforms; (3) only Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus were qualitatively detected in samples at different stages of manufacture (detection rate of 28 and 5.6% respectively), and these bacteria may impact the microbiological quality and safety of crab marinated in soy sauce; and (4) bacterial counts were either maintained or increased during the manufacturing process (suggesting that no particular step can be targeted to reduce bacterial counts). CONCLUSION: Proper management of raw materials and the marination process are effective critical control points, and alternative interventions may be needed to control bacterial quantity. The results provide important basic information about the production of crab marinated in soy sauce and may facilitate effective implementation of sanitary management practices in related industries and research fields.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (12162MFDS012) from the Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. The authors also thank the School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology of Korea University for BK 21 PLUS and the Institute of Biomedical Science and Food Safety, CJ-Korea University Food Safety Hall for providing equipment and facilities.
© 2016 Society of Chemical Industry
- bacterial hazard
- crab marinated in soy sauce
- critical control point
- manufacturing plant
- microbiological analysis