Causes of Gender Discrimination in Korean Labor Markets

Key Woo Lee, Kisuk Cho, Sun Ju Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Earlier studies investigating whether women were more adversely affected than men during the Asian financial crisis found that female workers had especially unfavorable experiences in the areas of labor force participation, involuntary disengagement, recruitment, and wages. This paper reviews various theories of gender discrimination to understand the causes of gender discrimination in the South Korean labor market and tests hypotheses drawn from various theories, using survey data on employers. The results of this study are not conclusive, but provide support for the cultural gender stereotyping approach and labor market risks and costs approach. Based on the results of the research, policy recommendations are made.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-38
Number of pages32
JournalAsian Journal of Women's Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001


  • Cultural gender stereotyping approach
  • Financial crisis
  • Gender discrimination
  • Korean labor markets
  • Labor market risk and cost approach
  • Marxist feminist
  • Neoclassical theory
  • Patriarchal approach


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