Catalytic oxidation of naproxen in cobalt spinel ferrite decorated Ti3C2Tx MXene activated persulfate system: Mechanisms and pathways

Aqsa Fayyaz, Karunamoorthy Saravanakumar, Kristy Talukdar, Yejin Kim, Yeomin Yoon, Chang Min Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

Naproxen (NPX) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that, at concentrations of 20 ng/L to several µg/L in aqueous environments, can cause detrimental effects to human and ecosystem health. A heterogeneous nanocatalyst composed of two-dimensional MXene nanosheets functionalized with CoFe2O4 nanoparticles was fabricated by liquid self-assembly for the activation of persulfate (PS) to degrade NPX. Approximately 99.1% of NPX was degraded within 90 min with the addition of 0.5 mM PS at 1 g/L of CoFe2O4@MXene dosage. To better understand the removal process, different influencing parameters, including the solution pH, catalyst dosage, and PS concentration, during NPX removal were studied. Radical scavenging and electron spin resonance experiments revealed that both radical (i.e., O2[rad]−, [rad]OH, SO4[rad]−, and S2O8[rad]−) and nonradical (i.e., 1O2) pathways were involved in the catalytic degradation of NPX. The results suggest that CoFe2O4@MXene/PS is a promising catalytic system for the treatment of water polluted with NPX.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127842
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume407
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Catalytic degradation
  • CoFeO@MXene
  • Naproxen
  • Persulfate activation
  • Singlet oxygen

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