In this study, we used a simple and low-toxicity chemical treatment to make a carboxylate-functionalized dragon fruit peel powder (CF-DFPP) from dragon fruit peel to improve its capacity for adsorbing Rhodamine B (RhB) from an aqueous medium. Field Emission-Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy-Dispersive X-ray (FE-SEM/EDX), point of zero charges (pHPZC), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) analyses were performed to characterize the adsorbent materials. The adsorption performance and mechanism for the removal of RhB were examined. The kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic parameters were employed to evaluate the adsorption mechanism. Compared to other models, the Langmuir isotherm and PSO kinetic models better defined the experimental data. CF-DFPP adsorbent exhibited a maximum adsorption efficiency of 228.7 mg/g at 298 K for RhB adsorption. Thermodynamic analysis revealed that the adsorption of RhB by CF-DFPP was spontaneous (ΔGo < 0) and exothermic (ΔHo < 0) nature of the process. Different eluting agents were used in desorption tests, and NaOH was revealed to have greater desorption efficiency (96.8%). Furthermore, regeneration examinations revealed that the biosorbent could effectively retain RhB, even after six adsorption/desorption cycles. These findings demonstrated that the CF-DFPP might be a novel material for removing RhB from an aqueous medium.
- dragon fruit peel
- rhodamine B