Capturing consumers' visual attention toward sugar-reduction information – Focusing on sugar-reduced beverages using eye-tracking experiments

Se Eun Ahn, Jieun Oh, Mi Sook Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study analyzed the factors affecting visual attention toward sugar-reduction information (SRI) on sugar-reduced beverages (SRBs) and identified the most optimal SRI type and location using eye-tracking. The eye-tracking results were compared with those of a self-reported questionnaire. Design/methodology/approach: An eye-tracking experiment was conducted on 50 Korean people in their 20s and 30s to analyze implicit responses. Subsequently, a self-reported questionnaire was administered to analyze explicit responses, facilitating the investigation of perceptions, attitudes, preferences, intentions to purchase SRBs, and preferred SRI types and positions. Findings: The results were as follows. First, personal trait-, state-, and product-related factors were found to affect eye movement in relation to SRI. Second, eye-tracking revealed that SRI types and locations that drew long-lasting fixation and attracted considerable attention were similar to those preferred in the self-reported questionnaire. Therefore, to efficiently convey information on SRBs, SRI should be combined with a graphic, and not merely a word, and placed in the upper-right corner, exhibiting consistency with the results of two previous experiments. Originality/value: This study specifically focused on considering personal and product-related traits while conducting an eye-tracking experiment to investigate the factors that attract consumers' attention. Furthermore, this study is the first to investigate the use of SRI labels to promote SRB selection. What is significant is that both explicit and implicit responses were assessed and compared via a self-reported survey and eye-tracking experiments for various SRB categories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3656-3678
Number of pages23
JournalBritish Food Journal
Issue number10
StatePublished - 10 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited.


  • Eye-tracking
  • Sugar-reduced beverages
  • Sugar-reduction information
  • Sugar-sweetened beverages
  • Visual attention


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