Purpose: To clarify whether vardenafil can be used as a substitute for intracavernosal injection as a method of induction of penile erection, we compared the outcome of penile duplex Doppler ultrasonography using both methods in the same patient with erectile dysfunction. Materials and Methods: A total of 23 patients underwent penile duplex ultrasonography twice with a one week interval between procedures. Twelve were randomly selected for intracavernosal injection first with prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) 20 μg and the remaining 11 were initially treated with oral vardenafil 20mg 1 hour before the Doppler study and in addition had visual sexual stimulation using a head-mounted display during the study. The peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV) and the degree of maximum erectile response were measured and compared between the two groups. Results: Measurements from the PGE1 treatment were not significantly different from those with the vardenafil treatment. The percentage of compatibility between the two methods with regard to hemodynamic diagnosis and pharmaceutical erectile response was as high as 83% (19 of 23) and 91% (21 of 23), respectively. Both methods were tolerable and safe without severe complications. However, in 4 patients where the diagnosis was uncertain, the injection method provided a more accurate interpretation of the penile vascular status with duplex ultrasonography. Conclusions: These results suggest that oral vardenafil can be used as an initial method for inducing penile erection when assessing erectile dysfunction with penile duplex Doppler ultrasonography in selected patients with erectile dysfunction.
- Erectile dysfunction
- Phosphodiesterase inhibitors