Butin decreases oxidative stress-induced 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine levels via activation of oxoguanine glycosylase 1

Kyoung Ah Kang, Jung Hee Lee, Sungwook Chae, Rui Zhang, Mei Jing Piao, Hee Sun Kim, Ho Jin You, Jin Won Hyun

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18 Scopus citations


In response to oxidative DNA base damage, oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1), in a base-excision repair (BER) pathway in mammals, plays a vital role in the repair of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), which is a reliable marker of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced DNA base modification and contributes to the pathologic process of cancer. Recently, we have shown that butin (7,3′,4′-trihydroxydihydroflavone) protects cells against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced damage of cellular components including DNA. In the present study, we examined the possible protective effect of butin on oxidative stress-induced DNA base modification, especially 8-OHdG. Hydrogen peroxide significantly increased the level of 8-OHdG, which was detected by 8-OHdG ELISA and confocal microscopy, but butin decreased this level. Suppression of 8-OHdG formation by butin was related to the enhanced mRNA and protein expression of OGG1, which was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Butin also increased the transcriptional activity of OGG1, which was suppressed by H2O2 treatment; this transcriptional activity was detected by OGG1 promoter luciferase assay. Butin enhanced the expression of phosphorylated Akt (active form of Akt), a regulator of OGG1, which was decreased by H2O2 treatment. A PI3K-specific inhibitor, LY294002, abolished the phosphorylated Akt and OGG1 expressions induced by butin, suggesting that OGG1 induction by butin involves the PI3K/Akt pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-342
Number of pages5
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Issue number3
StatePublished - 30 Oct 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was performed under the program of Basic Atomic Energy Research Institute (BAERI) which is part of the Nuclear R&D Programs and in part from the study of the DNA repair regulation with the disease program [M1063901] funded by the Ministry of Science & Technology of Korea (KOSEF).


  • 8-Hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine
  • Butin
  • Oxoguanine glycosylase 1


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