Brazilin (7, 11b-dihydrobenz[b]indeno[1,2-d]pyran-3,6a,9,10 (6H)-tetrol), the major component of Caesalpinia sappan L., is a natural red pigment used for histological staining. Recent studies have shown that brazilin exhibits distinct biological effects, including anti-hepatotoxicity, antiplatelet activity, and anti-inflammatory activities. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of brazilin on MMP-1 and -3 expressions in human dermal fibroblasts exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation. Brazilin showed protective effect on UVB-induced loss of cell viability of fibroblasts. Brazilin also blocked significantly UVB-induced Reactive Oxygen Species generation in fibroblasts. Brazilin inhibited UVB-induced MMP-1/3 expressions and secretions in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, UVB-induced NF-κB activation was completely blocked by treatment with brazilin. These findings suggest that brazilin inhibits UVB-induced MMP-1/3 expressions and secretions by suppressing of NF-κB activation in human dermal fibroblasts. Thus, brazilin might be used as a potential agent for treatment of UV-induced skin photoaging.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Science & Technology (MoST)/Korea Science & Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) ( M10528010003-05N2801-00310 ), and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea Government (MEST) ( No-2010-0001355 ), Republic of Korea.
- Matrix metalloproteinase
- Nuclear factor-κB
- Ultraviolet B