Boundary cutting for packet classification

Hyesook Lim, Nara Lee, Geumdan Jin, Jungwon Lee, Youngju Choi, Changhoon Yim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Decision-tree-based packet classification algorithms such as HiCuts, HyperCuts, and EffiCuts show excellent search performance by exploiting the geometrical representation of rules in a classifier and searching for a geometric subspace to which each input packet belongs. However, decision tree algorithms involve complicated heuristics for determining the field and number of cuts. Moreover, fixed interval-based cutting not relating to the actual space that each rule covers is ineffective and results in a huge storage requirement. A new efficient packet classification algorithm using boundary cutting is proposed in this paper. The proposed algorithm finds out the space that each rule covers and performs the cutting according to the space boundary. Hence, the cutting in the proposed algorithm is deterministic rather than involving the complicated heuristics, and it is more effective in providing improved search performance and more efficient in memory requirement. For rule sets with 1000-100 000 rules, simulation results show that the proposed boundary cutting algorithm provides a packet classification through 10-23 on-chip memory accesses and 1-4 off-chip memory accesses in average.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6496176
Pages (from-to)443-456
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • Binary search
  • HiCuts
  • boundary cutting
  • decision tree algorithms
  • packet classification


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