Advances in electroluminescence demand the development of emissive molecules capable of utilizing all of the electrogenerated excitons. Here, a molecular strategy to harvest the excitons without relying on late transition metals or thermal activation is designed and evaluated. The key process deployed is an exergonic, El-Sayed rule-allowed reverse intersystem crossing (ES-rISC) from the triplet n–π * transition state to the singlet π–π * transition state, followed by fluorescent decay of the latter. To demonstrate the strategy, a series of fluorescent molecules consisting of a 9,10-diphenylanthracene core and different carbonyl n–π * units (SY compounds) is created. The compounds display a strong blue fluorescence emission with high photoluminescence quantum yields of up to 0.93. Multilayer organic electroluminescence devices containing the SY compounds exhibit maximum external quantum efficiencies greater than that obtained from a singlet-exciton-only control device. This improvement is due to their capacity to utilize triplet excitons for fluorescence emission. The studies demonstrate that exergonic ES-rISC can serve as a promising pathway for creating inexpensive and tractable organic dopants for high-efficiency electroluminescence.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Samsung Research Funding Center for Future Technology (SRFC-MA1301-01).
© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
- El-Sayed rule
- exciton harvest
- fluorescent molecules
- intersystem crossing