Blood pressure reference values for normal weight Korean children and adolescents: Data from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey 1998-2016: The Korean working group of pediatric hypertension

Sung Hye Kim, Youngmi Park, Young Hwan Song, Hyo Soon An, Jae Il Shin, Jin Hee Oh, Jung Won Lee, Seong Heon Kim, Hae Soon Kim, Hye Jung Shin, Hae Kyoung Lee, Yeong Bong Park, Hae Yong Lee, Nam Su Kim, Il Soo Ha, Soyeon Ahn, Woojoo Lee, Young Mi Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Hypertension is becoming one of the most common health conditions in children and adolescents due to increasing childhood obesity. We aimed to provide the auscultatory blood pressure (BP) normative reference values for Korean non-overweight children and adolescents. Methods: BP measurements in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were performed in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 1998 to 2016. BP was measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer. Sex-, age- and height-specific systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) percentiles were calculated in the non-overweight children (n=10,442). We used the General Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape method to calculate BP percentiles. Results: The 50th, 90th, 95th, and 99th percentiles of SBP and DBP tables and graphs of non-overweight children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were presented by age and height percentiles. We found that the SBP and DBP at the 95th percentile were well correlated with height. The BP tables presented by height contained BP values from 124 cm to 190 cm for boys and from 120 cm to 178 cm for girls. Boys had higher SBP and DBP. Conclusions: We provided the sex-, age- and height-specific auscultatory BP values using the KNHANES big data. These may be useful in diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in Korean children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1180
Number of pages14
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Auscultation
  • Blood pressure
  • Hypertension

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