Bispecific antibodies and antibody–drug conjugates for cancer therapy: Technological considerations

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The ability of monoclonal antibodies to specifically bind a target antigen and neutralize or stimulate its activity is the basis for the rapid growth and development of the therapeutic antibody field. In recent years, traditional immunoglobulin antibodies have been further engineered for better efficacy and safety, and technological developments in the field enabled the design and production of engineered antibodies capable of mediating therapeutic functions hitherto unattainable by conventional antibody formats. Representative of this newer generation of therapeutic antibody formats are bispecific antibodies and antibody–drug conjugates, each with several approved drugs and dozens more in the clinical development phase. In this review, the technological principles and challenges of bispecific antibodies and antibody–drug conjugates are discussed, with emphasis on clinically validated formats but also including recent developments in the fields, many of which are expected to significantly augment the current therapeutic arsenal against cancer and other diseases with unmet medical needs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number360
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

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© 2020 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Antibody
  • Bispecific antibody
  • Cancer therapy
  • Drug conjugate


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