Biosynthesis of 2-Hydroxyacid-Containing Polyhydroxyalkanoates by Employing butyryl-CoA Transferases in Metabolically Engineered Escherichia coli

Yokimiko David, Jeong Chan Joo, Jung Eun Yang, Young Hoon Oh, Sang Yup Lee, Si Jae Park

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors previously reported the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) containing 2-hydroxyacid monomers by expressing evolved Pseudomonas sp. 6-19 PHA synthase and Clostridium propionicum propionyl-CoA transferase in engineered microorganisms. Here, the authors examined four butyryl-CoA transferases from Roseburia sp., Eubacterium hallii, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, and Anaerostipes caccae as potential CoA-transferases to support synthesis of polymers having 2HA monomer. In vitro activity analyses of the four butyryl-CoA transferases suggested that each butyryl-CoA transferase has different activities towards 2-hydroxybutyrate (2HB), 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), and lactate (LA). When Escherichia coli XL1-Blue expressing Pseudomonas sp. 6-19 PhaC1437 along with one butyryl-CoA transferase is cultured in chemically defined MR medium containing 20 g L−1 of glucose, 2 g L−1 of sodium 3-hydroxybutyrate, and various concentrations of sodium 2-hydroxybutyrate, PHAs consisting of 3HB, 2HB, and LA are produced. The monomer composition of PHAs agreed well with the substrate specificities of butyryl-CoA transferases from E. hallii, F. prausnitzii, and A. caccae, but not Roseburia sp. When E. coli XL1-Blue expressing PhaC1437 and E. hallii butyryl-CoA transferase is cultured in MR medium containing 20 g L−1 of glucose and 2 g L−1 of sodium 2-hydroxybutyrate, P(65.7 mol% 2HB-co-34.3 mol% LA) is produced with the highest PHA content of 30 wt%. Butyryl-CoA transferases also supported the production of P(3HB-co-2HB-co-LA) from glucose as the sole carbon source in E. coli XL1-Blue strains when one of these bct genes is expressed with phaC1437, cimA3.7, leuBCD, panE, and phaAB genes. Butyryl-CoA transferases characterized in this study can be used for engineering of microorganisms that produce PHAs containing novel 2-hydroxyacid monomers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700116
JournalBiotechnology Journal
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • 2-hydroxyacids
  • butyryl-CoA transferase
  • Escherichia coli
  • P(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-2-hydroxybutyrate-co-lactate)
  • polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs)

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