A pH- and thermo-sensitive block copolymer was synthesized by adding pH-sensitive sulfamethazine oligomers (SMOs) to either end of a thermo-sensitive poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide) (PCLA-PEG-PCLA) block copolymer. The resulting pH- and thermo-sensitive SMO-PCLA-PEG-PCLA-SMO block copolymer solution did not form a gel at high pH (pH 8.0) or at increased temperatures (ca. 70 °C), but did form a stable gel under physiological conditions (pH 7.4 and 37 °C). The degradation rate of the pH- and thermo-sensitive block copolymer decreased substantially compared with the control block copolymer of PCLA-PEG-PCLA, due to the buffering effect of the SMO-PCLA-PEG-PCLA-SMO sulfonamide groups on the acidic monomer-induced rapid degradation of PCLA-PEG-PCLA. This suitable sol-gel transition and sustained biodegradability of the pH- and thermo-sensitive SMO-PCLA-PEG-PCLA-SMO block copolymer resolves two of the major drawbacks associated with thermo-sensitive block copolymers, namely premature gelation and rapid degradation. Interestingly, SMO-PCLA-PEG-PCLA-SMO showed no evidence of cytotoxicity in vitro. However, subcutaneous injection of the pH- and thermo-sensitive block copolymer solution (20 wt% in PBS at pH 8.0) into Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats resulted in rapid, stable gel formation, with the injected hydrogel being completely degraded in vivo in just 6 weeks. The injected hydrogel in vivo presented a typical acute inflammation within 2 weeks, although chronic inflammation was not observed during the first 6-week period. As such, the pH- and thermo-sensitive hydrogel of the SMO-PCLA-PEG-PCLA-SMO block copolymer is a suitable candidate for use in drug delivery systems and cell therapy.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Oct 2006|
- pH- and thermo-sensitive hydrogel
- Sulfonamide-modified block copolymer