Better oral hygiene is associated with a reduced risk of cataract: A nationwide cohort study

Jung Hyun Park, Heajung Lee, Jin Woo Kim, Tae Jin Song

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the association of oral health status and oral hygiene behaviors with cataract occurrence longitudinally. Materials and methods: Based on the National Health Screening cohort database of Korea, participants who underwent oral health screening by dentists in 2003 were included. Cataract was defined as two or more claims of disease classification for the International Classification of Diseases-10 (E10.34, E11.34, E12.34, E13.34, E14.34, H25, and H26) with cataract specific treatment or surgery procedure claim codes. The occurrence of cataract was analyzed with Cox proportional hazard model according to the presence of periodontitis and oral health examination findings, including missing teeth, caries, tooth brushing, and dental scaling. Results: Overall, 103,619 subjects were included. During a median follow-up of 12.2 years, cataract developed in 12,114 (11.7%) participants. Poor oral health status such as the presence of periodontitis (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.08, 95% CI [confidence interval] 0.99–1.17, p = 0.088) and increased number of missing teeth (adjusted HR = 1.74, 95% CI = 1.55–1.96, p < 0.001) was associated with the increased cataract risk. Better oral hygiene behaviors such as increased frequency of tooth brushing (adjusted HR = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.79–0.88, p < 0.001) and performed dental scaling within 1 year (adjusted HR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.86–0.94, p < 0.001) were negatively associated with cataract occurrence. Conclusion: Periodontitis and increased number of missing teeth may increase the risk of cataract. However, maintaining good oral hygiene through tooth brushing and dental scaling may reduce the risk of future cataract occurrence. Further studies should be performed to confirm the association between chronic oral inflammation and cataract.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1036785
JournalFrontiers in Medicine
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was supported by a grant from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (2021R1F1A1048113 to T-JS). This work was supported by Institute of Information & communications Technology Planning & Evaluation (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No.2022-0-00621 to T-JS, Development of artificial intelligence technology that provides dialog-based multi-modal explainability). This project was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean government (2020R1A2C4001842 to J-WK). The funding source had no role in the design, conduct, or reporting of the study.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 Park, Lee, Kim and Song.

Keywords

  • cataract
  • epidemiology
  • oral hygiene
  • oral inflammation
  • periodontitis

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