Benefits of a Single-Session, In-Hospital Preoperative Education Program for Patients Undergoing Ostomy Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Hyunjung Yeo, Hyojung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a 45-minute session of video-based preoperative ostomy education on self-care knowledge, self-care proficiency, anxiety, depression, length of hospital stay, and ostomy-related complications to a control group who received 3 postoperative educational sessions. DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial. SAMPLE AND SETTING: The sample comprised 47 patients scheduled to undergo ostomy surgery for colon or rectal cancer surgery at a tertiary referral hospital in Seoul, South Korea, from November 2018 to May 2019. However, 2 participants in the intervention group and 4 in the control group withdrew from the study and data analysis is based on 41 participants who completed study procedures. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to an intervention group (n = 21) or a control group (n = 20). The intervention group received a single 45-minute session of video-based preoperative ostomy education along with stoma site marking and postoperative education. The control group underwent stoma site marking and 3 postoperative education sessions Self-care knowledge, anxiety, and depression were assessed by validated instruments. Self-care proficiency was assessed via direct observation using a checklist. Ostomy-related complications were evaluated by a WOC nurse. Length of hospital stay and disease-related characteristics were collected from medical records. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the intervention group showed significant improvements in self-care knowledge (P =.001) and self-care proficiency scores (P =.001). Intervention group participants also had lower anxiety scores (P =.025), depression scores (P =.014), shorter hospital stays (P =.008), and fewer ostomy-related complications (P =.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing ostomy surgery, a single 45-minute session of preoperative video-based ostomy education improved self-care knowledge and proficiency. This intervention also reduced depression, anxiety, and ostomy-related complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-318
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Ostomy
  • Preoperative education
  • Self-care knowledge
  • Stoma site marking

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