Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for the Treatment of Neuroblastoma in Korea

Kyung Ha Ryu, Hyo Seop Ahn, Hong Hoe Koo, Hoon Kook, Moon Kyu Kim, Hack Ki Kim, Thad Ghim, Hyung Nam Moon, Jong Jin Seo, Ki Woong Sung, Hee Young Shin, Eun Sun Yoo, Chuhl Joo Lyu, Young Ho Lee, Hahng Lee, Bin Cho, Hyun Sang Cho, Hyung Soo Choi, Jeong Ok Hah, Tai Ju Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for the treatment of high-risk neuroblastoma (NBL) is an accepted method for restoring bone marrow depression after high dose chemotherapy. We retrospectively analyzed eighty eight cases of NBL that underwent ASCT following marrow ablative therapy at 12 transplant centers of the Korean Society of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology between January 1996 and September 2000. Seventy nine children were of stage IV NBL and 9 were of stage III with N-myc amplification. Various cytoreductive regimens were used. However, the main regimen was 'CEM' consisting of carboplatin, etoposide and melphalan, and this was used in 66 patients. Total body irradiation was also added in 36 patients for myeloablation. To reduce tumor cell contamination, stem cell infusions after CD34+ cell selection were performed in 16 patients. Post-transplantation therapies included the second transplantation in 18 patients, interleukin-2 therapy in 45, 13-cis retinoic acid in 40, 131-meta-iodobenzylguanidine in 4, conventional chemotherapy in 11, and local radiotherapy in 8. Twenty two patients died, sixty six patients are surviving 1 to 46 months after ASCT (median follow-up duration, 14.5 months). Although the follow-up period was short and the number of patients small, we believe that ASCT might improve the survival rate in high-risk NBL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-247
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2003


  • Korea
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Stem Cell Transplantation


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