Augmentation of butyrate-induced differentiation of human hepatocyte by cyclin E over-expression

J. H. Yoon, G. Y. Gwak, G. H. Woo, T. H. Kim, K. A. Kim, C. Y. Kim, Hyo Suk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In mammalian cells, cellular differentiation into specific cell types is usually preceded by growth arrest. On the other hand, the induced differentiation may also be preceded by an enhanced G1-S transition of the cell cycle prior to the growth arrest. This suggests that an early increase in proliferation is in some way a prerequisite for subsequent differentiation. We therefore attempted to assess whether we could produce human hepatocytes with further differentiated functions by promoting G1-S transition in a butyrate-treated human hepatocyte cell line. A cyclin E-over-expressing cell line was established by transfecting human cyclin E cDNA. Upon butyrate treatment, the cyclin E-over-expressing cells exhibited a significantly increased albumin-secreting and ammonia-detoxifying capacity when compared to the control cells. In particular, the ornithine transcarbamylase activity was increased in these cells. Collectively, these results implicate that the cyclin E over-expression may augment the hepatocyte-specific functions during the butyrate-induced differentiation process of human hepatocytes by enhancing G1-S cell cycle transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005


  • Butyrate
  • Cyclin E
  • Differentiation
  • G1-S transition
  • Human hepatocyte


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