The growth of the 3×3 reconstructed silicene on Ag substrate has been frequently observed in experiments while its atomic structure and formation mechanism is poorly understood. Here, by first-principles calculations, we show that 3×3 reconstructed silicene is constituted by dumbbell units of Si atoms arranged in a honeycomb pattern. Our model shows excellent agreement with the experimentally reported lattice constant and STM image. We propose a new mechanism for explaining the spontaneous and consequential formation of 3×3 structures from 3×3 structures on Ag substrate. We show that the 3×3 reconstruction is mainly determined by the interaction between Si atoms and have weak influence from Ag substrate. The proposed mechanism opens the path to understanding of multilayer silicon.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 28 Jul 2014|